Non-lithium-ion short-duration technologies with reduced capital and life-cycle cost, better lifetime performance, access to greater depth of discharge, reduced degradation over time, better round-trip efficiency, and improved supply-chain diversity relative to lithium-ion battery systems.
Long-duration storage technologies capable of storing energy for 8 hours or longer, specifically: flow batteries, advanced battery chemistries such as solid-state batteries, flywheels, compressed air, liquid air systems, molten salt, molten sulfur, or gravity storage.
Technologies that advance low-impact recovery of lithium and other co-products from geothermal brine.
Advanced machine learning or AI techniques to improve forecasting behind-the-meter solar photovoltaics, storage, and load flexibility
Low-cost, modular, and replicable behind-the-meter direct current power systems that enable efficient, clean, and reliable power for electric vehicles and other direct current end-uses.
Modular power electronics technologies that can safely enable behind-the-meter renewable generation systems to provide backup power functionality at reduced cost.
Advanced flexible load technologies and tools to facilitate and increase grid resiliency and demand response in the industrial, agricultural, and water sectors.
Open-source data and management controls that can be used by Virtual Power Plant aggregators and others to aggregate customer loads, manage the loads to grid conditions, and provide grid services needed to support a clean and resilient electric grid.
Advances in control technologies, sensors, and communication systems to increase reliability and interoperability of flexible loads and DERs for building automation.
High efficiency charging devices and systems that reduce electric losses and costs of electric vehicle charging.
High-power electric drive systems for medium- and heavy-duty vehicle applications.
Innovative reuse and recycling technologies for end-of-life lithium-ion batteries to conserve critical materials, promote material sustainability, reduce environmental impacts, or reduce the cost of new storage products by lowering material costs.
High efficiency 120-volt and 240-volt heat pump water heaters or heating, ventilation, and air conditioning heat pumps that use low-global warming potential refrigerants.
New building envelope technologies such as thermal storage or phase change materials, or manufacturing processes to reduce the cost of highly efficient advanced building retrofit solutions.
Next generation heat pump system that combines hot water and space conditioning into a packaged, modular unit.
Innovative HVAC decarbonization solutions for large commercial buildings, specifically: hybrid low-GWP electric heat pump systems, low-cost large air-source and water-source heat pumps that use low-GWP refrigerants, non-vapor compression cooling, solid-state cooling, or ground-source heat pumps.
Low-carbon, high-temperature industrial heating solutions, specifically: direct electrification technologies or high-temperature heat pumps.
Energy efficiency and decarbonization technologies for concrete manufacturing, specifically: advancements in electrically driven carbon capture and utilization to increase its energy efficiency; alternative raw materials, chemistries, or processes for the production of cement and concrete, including substitutes that enable electrification technologies by reducing temperature requirements.
Innovative electric-driven separation technologies in the industrial sector, specifically in food processing, chemicals, water desalination, wastewater treatment, or carbon capture.